Friday, December 26, 2008

What is Situgen?

The word situgen means 'the object of veneration' in written Mongolian. Its modern Mongolian form is shuteen. A shuteen or situgen can be anything that is revered and worshipped by the Mongols. It can be one's parents, the spirits of deceased ancestors and shamans, buddhist deities, or a legendary hero. The meaning of situgen often overlaps with that of the onggon (modern M. ongon) which can be interpreted as divine inspiration that spurs artistic and religious performances. The onggon is also viewed as an ancestral spirit impersonated by shamans. In fact every onggon is a situgen for all the onggons are revered but not every situgen is an onggon.
In modern Mongolian the combination of these two words are often used as one expression: ongon shuteen implying deities, and spirits.
In the Mongolian cultural region there are various types of situgen or onggon representations:

This is an image of a female ongon probably made of copper. You can see her tits and two parallel lines presumably standing for the streams of her flowing milk. I photographed it with my mobile phone during a trip outside of Ulaanbaatar.

A Khorchin shaman's ongon-images made of bronze.
2008 september Kulunqi, Tongliao, Inner-Mongolia.

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1 comment:

Barimalch said...

Ooroo mongoloor sain yarij baina Ungart odoo mongoliin talaarh medleg medeelel her vaigaa ve?